Attention-based Assisted Excitation for Salient Object Detection [article]

Saeed Masoudnia, Melika Kheirieh, Abdol-Hossein Vahabie, Babak Nadjar Araabi
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Visual attention brings significant progress for Convolution Neural Networks (CNNs) in various applications. In this paper, object-based attention in human visual cortex inspires us to introduce a mechanism for modification of activations in feature maps of CNNs. In this mechanism, the activations of object locations are excited in feature maps. This mechanism is specifically inspired by attention-based gain modulation in object-based attention in brain. It facilitates figure-ground segregation
more » ... in the visual cortex. Similar to brain, we use the idea to address two challenges in salient object detection: gathering object interior parts while segregation from background with concise boundaries. We implement the object-based attention in the U-net model using different architectures in the encoder parts, including AlexNet, VGG, and ResNet. The proposed method was examined on three benchmark datasets: HKU-IS, MSRB, and PASCAL-S. Experimental results showed that our inspired method could significantly improve the results in terms of mean absolute error and F-measure. The results also showed that our proposed method better captured not only the boundary but also the object interior. Thus, it can tackle the mentioned challenges.
arXiv:2003.14194v2 fatcat:xmsmq2usz5hczd6e4tvu7vv7ku