Clinical Diagnosis In Heart Failure

Ilaria Spoletini, Cristiana Vitale
2017 International Cardiovascular Forum Journal  
A contemporary review of the diagnosis of heart failure as part of a special heart failure issue. The 2016 ESC heart failure guidelines have provided updated evidence-based recommendations for the clinical diagnosis of heart failure. This article summarises the diagnostic process in the case of a patient presenting with acute dyspnoea and suspected acute heart failure, and summarises the diagnostic elements that should be assessed in a patient with non-acute onset. The role of clinical and
more » ... f clinical and laboratory testing is discussed.
doi:10.17987/icfj.v10i0.421 fatcat:d2n7hjaggvbzdmlnee35rpeuai