Transnational Knowledge Transfer and Innovation Based on Academic Subjects: The Patterns and Characteristics of Knowledge Transfer and Innovation by Chinese Scholars Returned from the United States

Jinyu Meng, Xiangdong Chen
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Innovations in Economic Management and Social Science (IEMSS 2017)   unpublished
The return of overseas talents, in particular high-level overseas talents, could bring advanced theories, knowledge, technologies and experiences back to China, which, therefore, may be deemed an important channel of transnational knowledge transfer and innovation. With emphasis on high-level scholars who have returned from the U.S. and are working in top universities and research institutions in China, this paper has investigated issues regarding transnational knowledge transfer and innovation
more » ... as a result of their returning to China based on the similarity and continuity of their research subjects. Specifically, Academic subjects are identified with keywords in papers. And according to the amount of similar keywords, patterns of knowledge transfer and innovation are classified into three different types, which are named study-type innovation, leading-type innovation and breakthrough-type innovation. The statistical results show that leading-type innovation has the largest number among these three modes. And the research quality of study-type innovation and leading-type innovation is much better than the quality of breakthrough-type innovation in most cases. The results prove that today the transnational knowledge transfer has been growing more important in pushing knowledge innovation made by scholars returned from overseas.
doi:10.2991/iemss-17.2017.11 fatcat:73owjavvqzcmdnrjbymhp4vvoa