Extragalactic Foregrounds of the Cosmic Microwave Background: Prospects for theMAPMission

Alexandre Refregier, David N. Spergel, Thomas Herbig
2000 Astrophysical Journal  
(Abridged) While the major contribution to the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropies are the sought-after primordial fluctuations produced at the surface of last scattering, other effects produce secondary fluctuations at lower redshifts. Here, we study the extragalactic foregrounds of the CMB in the context of the upcoming MAP mission. We first survey the major extragalactic foregrounds and show that discrete sources, the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect, and gravitational lensing are
more » ... e most dominant ones for MAP. We then show that MAP will detect (>5 sigma) about 46 discrete sources and 10 SZ clusters directly with 94 GHz fluxes above 2 Jy. The mean SZ fluxes of fainter clusters can be probed by cross-correlating MAP with cluster positions extracted from existing catalogs. For instance, a MAP-XBACs cross-correlation will be sensitive to clusters with S(94GHz)>200mJy, and will thus provide a test of their virialization state and a measurement of their gas fraction. Finally, we consider probing the hot gas on supercluster scales by cross-correlating the CMB with galaxy catalogs. Assuming that galaxies trace the gas, we show that a cross-correlation between MAP and the APM catalog should yield a marginal detection, or at least a four-fold improvement on the COBE upper limits for the rms Compton y-parameter.
doi:10.1086/308431 fatcat:hgalk55p2zahdjjemsxgy5evoa