El espacio portuario de A Coruña como un campus TIC sostenible para la UDC

Cándido López-González, María Carreiro-Otero, Iria López-Carreiro
2019 International Conference Virtual City and Territory  
Resumen Objetivo: El texto pretende determinar la idoneidad de los muelles de Batería y Calvo Sotelo en el área portuaria de A Coruña para destinarse a un "novedoso" uso, el de campus sostenible de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación -TIC-de la Universidade da Coruña -UDC-. Una actividad inédita en las actuaciones portuarias más recientes que conlleva fijar las cualidades del lugar. Metodología: El método a utilizar se desarrolla a través de cuatro pasos. En el primero, se
more » ... l primero, se enuncia el prototipo de urbanización mayoritariamente empleado en las operaciones de remodelación portuaria. En el segundo, se plantea el puerto de A Coruña como caso de estudio; en concreto, se describen y analizan en las cartografías históricas y recientes los muelles de Batería y Calvo Sotelo y su entorno. En el tercer momento, se recogen en los archivos de la institución universitaria los datos que permiten reconocer el modelo de campus que la UDC desarrolla en el marco urbano. Y, por último, atendiendo a los criterios establecidos en diferentes estudios y guías de sostenibilidad para los campus universitarios, se determina una serie de dimensiones, asociándolas de modo biunívoco con las características propias del lugar. En consecuencia, este procedimiento permite identificar las capacidades del ámbito portuario estudiado para implantar en él los usos universitarios. Desarrollo: Durante la última década del siglo XX, se conforma un paseo litoral que recorre la casi totalidad de la costa del T. M. -Término Municipal-de A Coruña, con la excepción de las áreas correspondientes al Puerto de la ciudad. En este momento, el traslado de diferentes actividades portuarias desde la dársena interior al puerto exterior de Langosteira, ubicado en el limítrofe T. M. de Arteixo, libera dos ámbitos portuarios, los muelles de Batería y Calvo Sotelo, con una superficie terrestre aproximada de 6,40 hectáreas. Surge así la oportunidad de concluir el paseo litoral, pero, sobre todo, la de analizar el destino del área portuaria como campus universitario de investigación vinculado a las TIC. Un uso compatible con las actividades soportadas por el espacio urbano central adyacente, y complementario tanto al tradicional uso pesquero, que se desenvuelve en los muelles de Linares Rivas y A Palloza, como al turístico, más moderno, que tiene lugar en el muelle de Trasatlánticos. Una reflexión dirigida a las administraciones públicas implicadas en el tema: Autoridad Portuaria de A Coruña, Ayuntamiento de A Coruña, Ministerio de Fomento y UDC. Abstract Objective: The paper aims to illustrate the suitability of the quays of Batería and Calvo Sotelo for implementing an "innovative" use in the Port of A Coruña: the sustainable Campus of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) of the Universidade da Coruña (UDC). This is an unprecedented activity in the most recent port transformations that implies setting the qualities of the place. Methodology: The methodological approach comprises four steps. First, the paper analyses the urbanisation models mostly applied in the regeneration strategies of port areas. Second, it defines the case study of A Coruña. Specifically, the research analyses the quays of Batería and Calvo Sotelo, and their evolution over time through the comparison of historical and present cartographies. Third, the study reviews the University archives for identifying the campus model that the UDC proposes in the urban framework. Finally, the research determines a set of sustainability dimensions and associates them with specific parameters of the port area. These dimensions are established in accordance with diverse studies and guides on sustainable university campuses. In summary, the methodology allows us to identify the potential of port areas for hosting university uses. Discussion: In the last decade of the 20th century, almost the entire coastline of the Municipal Term of A Coruña is regenerated, with the exception of those areas corresponding to the Port of the city. In that moment, different port activities are transferred from the inner harbour to the outer port area of Punta Langosteira, in the municipality of Arteixo. As a consequence, two port areas of about 6.40 hectares -the quays of Batería and Calvo Sotelo-are released. This relocation allows to complete the city waterfront. But moreover, it provides an opportunity to analyse the suitability of the Port for hosting a University research campus linked to ICT. A complementary use with the ones developed in the urban area, and also with the fishing and tourist activities that respectively take place in the quays of Linares Rivas and A Palloza, and of Trasatlánticos. With the objective to assess the implementation of this new model, the research analyses a series of existing projects focused on port regeneration, both at national and international levels. Then, it develops a historical approach to the place and contextualises the University in the urban framework of A Coruña. Finally, the notion of sustainability is incorporated as a key element for a balanced development of the port; and its dimensions are connected with specific parameters of the maritime area. The historical dimension is associated with the identity; the cultural dimension, with the recognisability and the complementarity; and the environmental dimension, with the accessibility and the urban mobility. The study also explores the social dimension of the University, which is reflected in the so-called third mission: the transfer (of knowledge) to society. This transfer resides not just in the teaching and research activities that characterise the academic institution, but also in its ability to become a reference of sustainability. Conclusions: The study establishes a series of qualities that confirm the potential of the quays of Batería and Calvo Sotelo as a sustainable technological pole. The first quality refers to the unique identity of the area, provided by the sedimentation of the different historical layers. The second quality -the recognisable nature of the place-appreciates the heritage value of the various buildings located in the port. The third quality alludes to the complementarity of the diverse existing uses in the adjacent maritime spaces. Finally, the fourth quality addresses the location of the port area, which promotes pedestrian accessibility and the use of sustainable mobility options. Moreover, social and economic transfer reinforces the connection between the port and the University, in a symbiosis that emphasizes the urban character of the port, and also encourages the presence of the University in the city. Our reflection is addressed to the public administrations that are involved in the subject: Autoridad Portuaria de A Coruña, Ayuntamiento de A Coruña, Ministerio de Fomento and UDC. Palabras Clave: puerto; revitalización urbana; fachada marítima; campus universitario
doi:10.5821/ctv.8511 fatcat:5ctt4wevrbhefpdq5pp5hsass4