Effect of Energy Drinks on Discoloration of Silorane-and Dimethacrylate-Based Composite Resins

Ghazaleh Ahmadizenouz, Behnaz Esmaeili, Zohreh Ahangari, Soraya Khafri, Aghil Rahmani
2016 unpublished
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the effects of two energy drinks on color change (∆E) of two methacrylate-based and a silorane-based composite resin after one week and one month. Materials and Methods: Thirty cubic samples were fabricated from Filtek P90, Filtek Z250 and Filtek Z350XT composite resins. All the specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. Baseline color values (L*a*b*) of each specimen were measured using a spectrophotometer according to the CIEL*a*b*
more » ... or system. Ten randomly selected specimens from each composite were then immersed in the two energy drinks (Hype, Red Bull) and artificial saliva (control) for one week and one month. Color was reassessed after each storage period and ∆E values were calculated. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: Filtek Z250 composite showed the highest ∆E irrespective of the solutions at both time points. After seven days and one month, the lowest ∆E values were observed in Filtek Z350XT and Filtek P90 composites immersed in artificial saliva, respectively. The ∆E values of Filtek Z250 and Z350XT composites induced by Red Bull and Hype energy drinks were not significantly different. Discoloration of Filtek P90 was higher in Red Bull energy drink at both time points. Conclusions: Prolonged immersion time in all three solutions increased ∆E values of all composites. However, the ∆E values were within the clinically acceptable range (<3.3) at both time points.