Energy consideration in processes of transition to equilibrium state

Sami M. Al-Jaber, Abdel-Rahman M. Abu-Labdeh
2011 Natural Science  
A calculation of the energy loss due to a transition from non-equilibrium to equilibrium state is given. Three different physical systems are considered in this study: connecting an uncharged capacitor to a charged capacitor, emission of a photon from an excited atom, and releasing an object from a compressed spring. In this study, it is shown that a specific fraction of the total energy stored in a non-equilibrium system should be consumed to reach the equilibrium state.
doi:10.4236/ns.2011.32019 fatcat:mdmtogif35dzbhwhdxqcyunnqq