An analysis of two approaches in information retrieval: From frameworks to study designs

Kalervo Järvelin
2007 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
There is a well-known gap between Systems-oriented IR and User-oriented IR, which Cognitive IR seeks to bridge. It is therefore interesting to analyze approaches at the level of frameworks, models, and study designs. This article is an exercise in such an analysis, focusing on two significant approaches to IR, the Lab IR approach and Ingwersen's Cognitive IR approach. It focuses on their research frameworks, models, hypotheses, laws and theories, study designs and possible contributions. The
more » ... approaches are found quite different. This becomes apparent in the use of independent, controlled and dependent variables in the study designs of each approach. Thus each approach is capable of contributing very differently to understanding and developing information access. The article also discusses integrating the approaches at the study design level.
doi:10.1002/asi.20589 fatcat:g2cbl5um6fhxfaqnynecn6rxbm