Efficacy and safety of spinning exercise in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome: randomized control trial
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Few studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of spinning exercise on cardio-vascular weal. To assess whether a 6 months spinning training, combined with proper diet, is more effective than standard training programs and diet alone in improving metabolic abnormalities in middle-aged and older adults. Randomized clinical trial. Rehabilitation Unit of our Department. Patients with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel
... lt Treatment Panel III diagnostic criteria. Patients were randomly assigned to receive treatment with diet (group A, n = 10), with diet and general gymnastics program (group B, n = 10), with diet and spinning physical training program (group C, n = 10). During the study period we observed a significant reduction in blood pressure (group C: systolic blood pressure p = 0.03; diastolic blood pressure p = 0.004 / group B: systolic blood pressure p = 0.001), in lipid profile (group B: plasma total cholesterol p = 0.001; triglycerides p = 0.001 / group C: plasma total cholesterol p = 0.04); in fasting blood glucose (group B: p = 0.01; group C: p = 0.008); in Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (group B: p = 0.01; group C: p = 0.001); in waist circumference (group C: p = 0.005; group A: p = 0.02; group B: p = 0.04). No patients reported adverse events during follow-up. Our results confirm the effectiveness of spinning training combined with diet in the management of MetS. The findings provide a preliminary evidence to support that spinning training may represent a useful and safe intervention also in middle-aged and older adults geriatric with multiple CV risk factors.