Risky Situations: Sources of Racial Disparity in Police Behavior

Marie Pryor, Kim Shayo Buchanan, Phillip Atiba Goff
2020 Annual Review of Law and Social Science  
Swencionis & Goff identified five situations that tend to increase the likelihood that an individual police officer may behave in a racially disparate way: discretion, inexperience, salience of crime, cognitive demand, and identity threat. This article applies their framework to the realities of police work, identifying situations and assignments in which these factors are likely to influence officers' behavior. These insights may identify opportunities for further empirical research into
more » ... research into racial disparities in such contexts and may highlight institutional reforms and policy changes that could reduce officers' vulnerability to risks that can result in racially unjust actions. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Volume 16 is October 13, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
doi:10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-101518-042633 fatcat:72rkv37lgzhx3g6cswe5dnt5sy