PEQcheck: Localized and Context-aware Checking of Functional Equivalence (Technical Report) [article]

Marie-Christine Jakobs
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Refactorings must not alter the program's functionality. However, not all refactorings fulfill this requirement. Hence, one must explicitly check that a refactoring does not alter the functionality. Since one rarely has a formal specification of the program's behavior, we utilize the original program as functional specification. Then, we check whether the original and refactored program are functionally equivalent. To this end, we apply a common idea and reduce equivalence checking to program
more » ... rification. To increase efficiency, our equivalence checker PEQcheck constructs one verification task per refactored code segment instead of one per function as typically done by prior work. In addition, PEQcheck considers the context of the code segments. For instance, only variables that are modified and live are required to be equivalent and read-only variables may be shared between original and refactored code segments. We show that PEQcheck is sound.Moreover, our evaluation testifies that the localized and context-aware checking performed by \peqcheck can indeed be beneficial.
arXiv:2101.09042v2 fatcat:4yaipkges5hzpnsl43tro64r7a