ASKNet: Creating and Evaluating Large Scale Integrated Semantic Networks

Brian Harrington, Stephen Clark
2008 2008 IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing  
Extracting semantic information from multiple natural language sources and combining that information into a single unified resource is an important and fundamental goal for natural language processing. Large scale resources of this kind can be useful for a wide variety of tasks including question answering, word sense disambiguation and knowledge discovery. A single resource representing the information in multiple documents can provide significantly more semantic information than is available
more » ... n than is available from the documents considered independently. The ASKNet system utilises existing nlp tools and resources, together with spreading activation based techniques, to automatically extract semantic information from a large number of English texts, and combines that information into a large scale semantic network. The initial emphasis of the ASKNet system is on wide-coverage, robustness and speed of construction. In this paper we show how a network consisting of over 1.5 million nodes and 3.5 million edges, more than twice as large as any network currently available, can be created in less than 3 days. Evaluation of large-scale semantic networks is a difficult problem. In order to evaluate ASKNet we have developed a novel evaluation metric based on the notion of a network "core" and employed human evaluators to determine the precision of various components of that core. We have applied this evaluation to networks created from randomly chosen articles used by duc (the Document Understanding Conference). The results are highly promising: almost 80% precision in the semantic core of the networks.
doi:10.1109/icsc.2008.24 dblp:conf/semco/HarringtonC08 fatcat:shpumojx6bac3ihmpwvnngdygq