A CHINESE APOLOGETIC
The Muslim world
In the Name of ad, the C o m w W , the X e r c~u l . THESE few leaves are on the subject of the proof of the " foundation " (or buttress) of the faith (of Islam), that which is the beginning and the end of the faith itself : I refer to our creed, " I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah alone ; he hath no partner," etc. This " foundation of the faith" is narrated (as coming from) the prophet (Upon him be prayers and peace), by means of the " Companions." This is part of what God
... of what God revealed to him, making it an evidence for the acceptance of Islam and the repudiation of wibelief : a confession by which to confirm his faith in the early days of Islam, and to consolidate his Islam to the end of the faith. The recital of it is the chief of the five ordinances, according to his word (Upon him, etc.). Islam is founded upon five things-(1) The creed, There is no god but Allah ; (2) Prayer ; (3) Almsgiving ; (4) The fRst of Ramadhan ; (5) The Pilgrimage to the Holy House by all able to do so. The repetition of these forms a confirmed statue by which, whosoever persevereth therein, can wipe out his sins even as the fire consumes the faggot. i.e., they thought of the prophetical truth revealed by the prophet and overlooked his human origin, even supposing him to be God. This is the error of t8he Christiane, who said, " Verily God is Chriet, the Son of Mary," and they went on to tnake him their object of worahip ! The second party consists of those who saw the mirror only but failed to see any image, being blind tn the light of the sun in it ; of them it was said that not their eyes but their heads were blind. They c)aw the prophet's human form but failed to see his truth, exclaiming, '. Why does this (so-called) prophet eat food and walk in the streets ? " Sow, aa a reply to the first party, those extremists who emphasise the heavenly message of the prophet and deny his manhod, we say, " I bear witness that Mohammed k God's servant-i.e., like the rest of Cod's servants he is t,he owner of u body, eats aa they eat, drinks as t,liey drink, deeps aa they sleep, and sickens and dies LW they do. God said to him, '. Say, I a m only human, like the rest of you " ; nnd the human acts mentioiled are clearly due to the defects of human nature, then how can they accord with divinity ? S o w in the matter of his proplietsliip, he is called rccsool.