Alternating Tree Automata with Qualitative Semantics [article]

Raphaël Berthon, Nathanaël Fijalkow, Emmanuel Filiot, Shibashis Guha, Bastien Maubert, Aniello Murano, Laureline Pinault, Sophie Pinchinat, Sasha Rubin, Olivier Serre
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We study alternating automata with qualitative semantics over infinite binary trees: alternation means that two opposing players construct a decoration of the input tree called a run, and the qualitative semantics says that a run of the automaton is accepting if almost all branches of the run are accepting. In this paper we prove a positive and a negative result for the emptiness problem of alternating automata with qualitative semantics. The positive result is the decidability of the emptiness
more » ... problem for the case of B\"uchi acceptance condition. An interesting aspect of our approach is that we do not extend the classical solution for solving the emptiness problem of alternating automata, which first constructs an equivalent non-deterministic automaton. Instead, we directly construct an emptiness game making use of imperfect information. The negative result is the undecidability of the emptiness problem for the case of co-B\"uchi acceptance condition. This result has two direct consequences: the undecidability of monadic second-order logic extended with the qualitative path-measure quantifier, and the undecidability of the emptiness problem for alternating tree automata with non-zero semantics, a recently introduced probabilistic model of alternating tree automata.
arXiv:2002.03664v2 fatcat:cq5cdku5rbd5thg6e42wkhgycu