Applied Error Analysis of Written Production of English Essays of Tenth Grade Students in Ajloun Schools, Jordan

Dr. Firas Ali Suleiman Zawahreh
2012 International Journal of Learning and Development  
The objective of this study was investigating the written English errors of tenth grade students in females and males schools in Ajloun, Jordan. It was conducted on purpose of identifying the written errors of English committed by the tenth grade, estimating the predominant errors and the least ones and explaining the causes of the written errors of English committed by the tenth grade students The sample of study consisted of 350 students selected randomly from group of schools in Ajloun. The
more » ... ols in Ajloun. The students were asked to write a free essay about " A journey to the ancient city of Jerash in Jordan" in an ordinary English language exercise in the class. Then the essays collected and analyzed depending on a table of errors adopted from a Ph.D. of ( wakkad,1980).The findings were: First, the most predominant errors among tenth grade students in Ajloun schools within morphology were errors of lack of agreement between subject and the main verb. Second, the most predominant errors among tenth grade students in Ajloun schools within function words were errors of insertion of prepositions. Third, the most predominant errors among tenth grade students within syntax were errors of omission of the main verb. Fourth, the most predominant errors among tenth grade students within tenses were errors of using present instead of past. Fifth, the most predominant errors among tenth grade students within lexical items were errors of lexical items wrongly used in place of others. It is not easy for anybody to deny that English is one of the most important languages in the world. It is seen by large number of people as the language of art, science, politics and economics. So when one wants to cope with what happens in the world he must learn English language and that made the ultimate aim of teaching English in Jordan is to enable students to communicate with the speakers of English using both the oral and the written English language. Languages are of four Skills. English language is not an exception. It consists of four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Brown (2000) explained that in order to master the English language, learners have to be exposed to all of the four basic skills. When students try to practice the last one which is writing they face many difficulties. In fact, writing is the skill in which students produce sentences which are put in a particular order and linked together in certain ways. But still, essays production is the most difficult tiring task. Raimes (1983) explained that writing is an area in which students commit errors and it is helpful in students' learning because of the following reasons: " First, it reinforces the grammatical structures, idioms and vocabulary that have been taught to students. Second, when students write, They also have a chance to be adventurous with the language. Third, When they write they necessarily become very involved with the new language, The effect to express ideas, and the constant use of eye. hand and brain is a unique way to reinforce learning. " There is a kind of agreement that errors are significant in three different ways: " First, they tell the teacher when he undertakes a systematic analysis how far toward the goals the learner have progressed and what remains for him to learn. Second, they give researchers evidences of how language is learned and what strategies and procedures the learners are employing in their discovery of the language. Third, they are unavoidable to the learner himself, because we can consider the process of making of errors as a devise the learner uses in order to learn. In other words, It is a way of testing the learners' hypotheses about the nature of the language they are learning. Error analysis ( EA) became a preferred tool of studying second language analysis. It is seen as one of the best types of linguistic studies that focuses on the learners' errors. It consists of a comparison between the errors made in target language and within that TL itself. Corder (1967) who is considered the father of EA contended that those errors are "important in and of themselves". So it can be said that errors made by language learners make it possible to determine areas that need reinforcement in teaching. He added that EA has two objects: One theoretical and another applied. The theoretical object is to understand what and how a learner learns when he studies an L2. The applied object is to enable the learner to learn more efficiently by using the knowledge of his dialect for pedagogical purposes. At the same time, the investigation of errors can serve two purposes, diagnostic (to in-point the problem) and prognostic (to make plans to solve a problem).In addition, he said that it is diagnostic
doi:10.5296/ijld.v2i2.1680 fatcat:o4iwukfkqzhglfs3yud7v32cnu