Comparison of the Fitting Performance of Retention Models and Elution Strength Behaviour in Hydrophilic-Interaction and Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography

Ester Peris-García, María José Ruiz-Angel, Juan José Baeza-Baeza, María Celia García-Alvarez-Coque
2021 Separations  
Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) is able to separate from polar to highly polar solutes, using similar eluents to those in the reversed-phase mode (RPLC) and a polar stationary phase, where water is adsorbed onto its surface. It is widely accepted that multiple modes of interaction take place in the HILIC environment, which can be far more complex than the interactions in an RPLC column. The behaviour in HILIC should be adequately modelled to predict the retention with
more » ... retention with optimisation purposes and improve the understanding on retention mechanisms, as is the case for RPLC. In this work, the prediction performance of several retention models is studied for seven HILIC columns (underivatised silica, and silica containing diol, amino and sulfobetaine functional groups, together with three columns recently manufactured with neutral, anionic, and cationic character), using uracil and six polar nucleosides (adenosine, cytidine, guanosine, thymidine, uridine, and xanthosine) as probe compounds. The results in HILIC are compared with those that were offered by the elution of several polar sulphonamides and diuretics analysed with two C18 columns (Chromolith Speed ROD and Zorbax Eclipse XDB). It is shown that eight retention models, which only consider partitioning or both partitioning and adsorption, give similar good accuracy in predictions for both HILIC and RPLC columns. However, the study on the elution strength behaviour, at varying mobile phase composition, reveals similarities (or differences) between RPLC and HILIC columns of diverse nature. The particular behaviour for the HILIC and RPLC columns was also revealed when the retention, in both modes, was fitted to a model that describes the change in the elution strength with the modifier concentration.
doi:10.3390/separations8040054 fatcat:je56efvfdbdddhd2xsz27pxhy4