Higher angular momentum pairing from transverse gauge interactions

Suk Bum Chung, Ipsita Mandal, Srinivas Raghu, Sudip Chakravarty
2013 Physical Review B  
In this paper, we study superconductivity of nonrelativistic fermions at finite-density coupled to a transverse $U(1)$ gauge field, with the effective interaction including the Landau-damping. This model, first studied by Holstein, Norton, and Pincus [Phys. Rev B, {\bf 8}, 2649 (1973)] has been known as an example of a non-Fermi liquid, {\i.e.} a metallic state in which the decay rate of a quasiparticle is large compared to the characteristic quasiparticle energy; other examples of the
more » ... les of the non-Fermi liquid includes the 2d electron gas in a magnetic field at $\nu=1/2$ and the normal state of optimally doped cuprate superconductors. Our study thus addresses the question of whether or not non-Fermi liquids, like Fermi liquids, are unstable towards the formation of superconductivity.The results are (i) the non-Fermi liquid is stable against superconductivity below a critical gauge coupling, (ii) above this critical coupling, the ground state is an unconventional superconductor with angular momentum $\ell \ge 2$. Our results are obtained from a solution of the Dyson-Nambu equation. Note that in this problem there is a quantum critical point between a non-Fermi liquid state and the superconducting state, as the critical coupling is nonzero. This is in contrast to a weakly coupled metal, which exhibits superconductivity for infinitesimally weak interaction regardless of its sign.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.88.045127 fatcat:yv5yorp5dredbir4h2vx5dsegq