Reviews of Books

W. MILLER
1899 English Historical Review  
An elaborate and absurd constitution, a mixture of Muscovite despotism and the French constitution of the year III, was drawn up by Alexander of Russia himself, containing a senate of seventeen presided over by a prince, a legislature of forty, three oensors of the republic and colleges of nobles who were to meet every two years in order to elect to the legislature. But by a secret clause of the treaty of Tilsit (8 July 1807) the seven Ionian isles were transferred to Napoleon, and Berthier was
more » ... n, and Berthier was sent to take possession. The new acquisition was one to which the French emperor attached a high degree of importance. ' Corfu,' he wrote to Joseph, ' is so important to me that its lo §s would inflict a severe blow on my projects. The Adriatic would be shut, and your kingdom would have on its left flank a port where the enemy would recruit Albanians and other troops to attack you . . . You must regard Corfu as more important than Sicily. Sicily is a question determined and known, whereas Corfu is a question entirely unknown.' Berthier was recommended to keep on good terms with Ali, and to natter all the little pashas along the Albanian coast. At the same time the internal administration of Corfu was to be left unchanged. The last promise was, however, not observed. The senate was reduced to five and confined to purely honorific functions, and the real power was confided to the imperial commissioner and the head of the French army and marine. The second French occupation was attended with some material benefits, which were probably more than counterbalanced by the losses entailed by the commercial blockade. It is estimated that the French treasury spent sixty millions of francs on the island between 1807 and 1814, most of whioh, however, probably went to fortifications. And though Berthier was a bad governor, dissolute in bis morals and tyrannical in his methods, his successor, Donzelot, was better and treated the native populace with consideration. The Frenoh occupation lasted till June 1814, when the English took possession of the island in the name of the allied powers. The other islands had been theirs long before. .^Jhe story, of these vicissitudes is elegantly told by M. Rodocanachi, w.ho gives at the beginning of his pleasant volume a peculiarly interesting account of the social state of the islands under the Venetian domination. The volume concludes with some new documents from the Archives du Ministers des Affaires Etrangeres, the most interesting of which is a> report of the count Capo d' Istria on the situation of the islands in 1814. We obsarve that in the bibliography no mention is made of Perrhaevos,' laropia rov SftuAtov mil rip Wpyas, or of Foscolo, ' Delle Fortune e delle Cessioni di Parga.' H. A. L. FISHES. Storia Costituzionaie del Regno di Italia (1848-1898). Per GAETANO ABANQIO
doi:10.1093/ehr/xiv.lv.586 fatcat:bo2sq3h2n5cwralchi4g6cqy3i