Intentional Memory Instructions Direct Attention But Do Not Enhance Visual Memory

D. Alexander Varakin, Jamie Hale
2014 SAGE Open  
The current experiment examines whether intentional encoding instructions improve long-term recognition memory for visual appearance. Past experiments suffer from various methodological flaws, such as inadequate statistical power or confounding of variables such as attention and task relevance withintentional memory instructions.In the current experiment, the effect of memory instructions was examined using a factorial design, so that attention to/task relevance of objects could be manipulated
more » ... ndependently of memory instructions. The sample size was large enough to achieve power equal to .80 for medium effect sizes (f = .25). There was no effect of intentional memory instructions. These results suggest that observers cannot easily enhance encoding and storage of visual information in long-term memory.
doi:10.1177/2158244014553588 fatcat:nzfwiavnzfatxk4o5aobtt4oma