Blurring snapshots: Temporal inference of missing and uncertain data
2010 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom)
Many pervasive computing applications continuously monitor state changes in the environment by acquiring, interpreting and responding to information from sensors embedded in the environment. However, it is extremely difficult and expensive to obtain a continuous, complete, and consistent picture of a continuously evolving operating environment. One standard technique to mitigate this problem is to employ mathematical models that compute missing data from sampled observations thereby
... thereby approximating a continuous and complete stream of information. However, existing models have traditionally not incorporated a notion of temporal validity, or the quantification of imprecision associated with inferring data values from past or future observations. In this paper, we support continuous monitoring of dynamic pervasive computing phenomena through the use of a series of snapshot queries. We define a decay function and a set of inference approaches to filling in missing and uncertain data in this continuous query. We evaluate the usefulness of this abstraction in its application to complex spatiotemporal pattern queries in pervasive computing networks.