Assembly and regulation of the chlorhexidine-specific efflux pump AceI

Jani Reddy Bolla, Anna C. Howes, Francesco Fiorentino, Carol V. Robinson
2020 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Few antibiotics are effective against Acinetobacter baumannii, one of the most successful pathogens responsible for hospital-acquired infections. Resistance to chlorhexidine, an antiseptic widely used to combat A. baumannii, is effected through the proteobacterial antimicrobial compound efflux (PACE) family. The prototype membrane protein of this family, AceI (Acinetobacter chlorhexidine efflux protein I), is encoded for by the aceI gene and is under the transcriptional control of AceR
more » ... acter chlorhexidine efflux protein regulator), a LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) protein. Here we use native mass spectrometry to probe the response of AceI and AceR to chlorhexidine assault. Specifically, we show that AceI forms dimers at high pH, and that binding to chlorhexidine facilitates the functional form of the protein. Changes in the oligomerization of AceR to enable interaction between RNA polymerase and promoter DNA were also observed following chlorhexidine assault. Taken together, these results provide insight into the assembly of PACE family transporters and their regulation via LTTR proteins on drug recognition and suggest potential routes for intervention.
doi:10.1073/pnas.2003271117 pmid:32636271 fatcat:idnyntulj5exbclg75e3e4vqdi