HIL Simulation of a Tram Regenerative Braking System

Tomislav Pavlović, Ivan Župan, Viktor Šunde, Željko Ban
2021 Electronics  
Regenerative braking systems are an efficient way to increase the energy efficiency of electric rail vehicles. During the development phase, testing of a regenerative braking system in an electric vehicle is costly and potentially dangerous. For this reason, Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) simulation is a useful technique to conduct the system's testing in real time where the physical parts of the system are replaced by simulation models. This paper presents a HIL simulation of a tram regenerative
more » ... tram regenerative braking system performed on a scaled model. First, offline simulations are performed using a measured speed profile in order to validate the tram, supercapacitor, and power grid model, as well as the energy control algorithm. The results are then verified in the real-time HIL simulation in which the tram and power grid are emulated using a three-phase converter and LiFePO4 batteries. The energy flow control algorithm controls a three-phase converter which enables the control of energy flow within the regenerative braking system. The results validate the simulated regenerative braking system, making it applicable for implementation in a tram vehicle.
doi:10.3390/electronics10121379 fatcat:kpyo3sfffvh6xn63b52daebx5q