Effectiveness of Sacral Massage During First Stage of Labour in Terms of Pain Intensity and Labour Outcomes Among Primigravida Mothers Admitted in Selected Hospital of Ambala, Haryana

Aarti Rajput, Poonam Sheoran, Adiba Siddiqui
2016 International J Ext Res   unpublished
Although the intensity of pain that women feel in childbirth is not usually associated with tissue damage, studies have ranked it as among the most severe forms of pain ever recorded using the McGill Pain Questionnaire or visual ana-log scales. Aim of the study were to assess and compare labour pain intensity during first stage of labour and labour outcomes (maternal and fetal) and to determine association of labour pain score with selected sample characteristics among primigravida mothers in
more » ... perimental and comparison group. This was a quasi experimental study carried out in 60 primigravida mothers who were in first stage of labour admitted in selected hospital of Ambala, Haryana. The participants were divided into two groups (n=30 in the experimental group and n=30 in the comparison group). The experimental group received sacral massage three times, 10 minutes during each time with two hours of interval. The comparison group received routine maternity care. The data was collected using structured performa to collect information regarding sample characteristics, numeric pain intensity scale for pain assessment and record sheet for recording the observations regarding labour outcomes (maternal and fetal). The main findings of the study revealed that sacral massage was more effective in terms of reducing the labour pain intensity as compared to only routine maternity care given in hospital setting. Sacral massage had significant influence on the total duration of labor. Sacral massage had no significant effect on fetal heart sound score and APGAR score after 5 minutes of birth. There was no significant association found among labour pain intensity with selected sample characteristics. Study concluded that sacral massage was effective in reducing the pain intensity during first stage of labour.