Host status of crispy-leaf lettuce cultivars to root-knot nematodes

Luís Fernando Franchin Sgorlon, Edgard Henrique Costa Silva, Renato Silva Soares, Heloísa Oliveira Borges, Guilherme Matos Martins Diniz, Leila Trevisan Braz, Pedro Luiz Martins Soares
2018 Bioscience Journal  
Lettuce is the main leafy vegetable grown in the world, being the crispy-leaf lettuce type predominant. With consecutive cultivation in the same area, several factors may impair yield, highlighting the damage caused by root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. This study aimed at evaluating the reaction of twenty crispy-leaf lettuce cultivars to Meloidogyne incognita race 3, M. javanica and M. enterolobii. Three experiments were conducted, one for each nematode species. The experiments were carried
more » ... iments were carried out in a greenhouse, in pots with sterilized substrate. The design was completely randomized with five replications. Seedlings were inoculated with 1.000 eggs and second-stage juveniles of nematode per pot, on the day of transplantation of seedlings. The tomato 'Rutgers' was used as inoculum viability control for each specie tested. The variables evaluated were: reproduction factor (FR), total number of eggs and second-stage juveniles (NTOJ) and number of eggs and second-stage juveniles per gram of root (NOJGR), 60 days after inoculation. The results showed that the cultivars Veronica, Grand Rapids and Crespa para Verão are resistant to the three nematode species. The cultivars Thaís, SRV 2005 and Marisa are resistant to M. incognita race 3 and M. javanica. The cultivar Black Seed Simpson is resistant to M. enterolobii. The cultivars Vanda and Mônica SF 31 are resistant to M. incognita race 3. The cultivars Crespa, Rubia, Cinderela and Veneranda are resistant to M. javanica. incognita e M. javanica. A cultivar Black Seed Simpson foi resistente à M. enterolobii. Vanda e Mônica SF 31 foram resistentes à M. incognita. As cultivares Crespa, Rubia, Cinderela e Veneranda foram resistentes à M. javanica. Palavras-chave: Lactuca sativa L.. Meloidogyne. Fator de reprodução. Resistência de plantas.
doi:10.14393/bj-v34n5a2018-39387 fatcat:72snxg6jpvbv7fjgybmn27mari