Tyrosine 319 in the Interdomain B of ZAP-70 Is a Binding Site for the Src Homology 2 Domain of Lck

Michele Pelosi, Vincenzo Di Bartolo, Virginie Mounier, Dominique Mège, Jean-Marc Pascussi, Evelyne Dufour, Arnaud Blondel, Oreste Acuto
1999 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
T-cell antigen receptor-induced signaling requires both ZAP-70 and Lck protein-tyrosine kinases. One essential function of Lck in this process is to phosphorylate ZAP-70 and up-regulate its catalytic activity. We have previously shown that after T-cell antigen receptor stimulation, Lck binds to ZAP-70 via its Src homology 2 (SH2) domain (LckSH2) and, more recently, that Tyr 319 of ZAP-70 is phosphorylated in vivo and plays a positive regulatory role. Here, we investigated the possibility that
more » ... r 319 mediates the SH2-dependent interaction between Lck and ZAP-70. We show that a phosphopeptide encompassing the motif harboring Tyr 319 , YSDP, interacted with LckSH2, although with a lower affinity compared with a phosphopeptide containing the optimal binding motif, YEEI. Moreover, mutation of Tyr 319 to phenylalanine prevented the interaction of ZAP-70 with LckSH2. Based on these results, a gain-of-function mutant of ZAP-70 was generated by changing the sequence Y 319 SDP into Y 319 EEI. As a result of its increased ability to bind LckSH2, this mutant induced a dramatic increase in NFAT activity in Jurkat T-cells, was hyperphosphorylated, and displayed a higher catalytic activity compared with wild-type ZAP-70. Collectively, our findings indicate that Tyr 319 -mediated binding of the SH2 domain of Lck is crucial for ZAP-70 activation and consequently for the propagation of the signaling cascade leading to T-cell activation. Lck and ZAP-70, members of the Src and Syk families of nonreceptor PTKs, 1 respectively, control in a sequential man-
doi:10.1074/jbc.274.20.14229 pmid:10318843 fatcat:twauargsqvcv7jnz2kihrw7a74