Chemically Reduced Graphene Oxide on Gold Electrodes from Recordable CDs: Characterization and Potential Sensing Applications
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
This work presents the development and characterization of a new chemically modified electrode exploiting recordable Au-rewritable compact discs (AuCDs) as substrate for drop casting of a chemically-reduced graphene-oxide slurry focusing on simple and low-cost electrochemical sensors. Increase in electrochemical responses in cyclic voltammetric and amperometric measurements were achieved using the proposed sensor. Both scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy data showed
... data showed increase in rugosity (about 46% higher) for the chemically reduced graphene oxide (CRGO) AuCD surface while Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of structural defects of graphene. The calculated charge transfer resistances (R ct ) and heterogeneous electron transfer rate constants (k 0 ) were 1638 Ω and 0.0022 cm s -1 for the bare substrate, and 91 Ω and 0.0027 cm s -1 for the modified electrode, evidencing the facilitated electron transfer of the CRGO-AuCD surface. The dopamine (DP) amperometric detection using CRGO-AuCD provided low detection limit (0.12 µg L -1 ) compared with other modified electrodes already reported, high precision (relative standard deviation (RSD) < 5%) and analytical frequency (370 h -1 ). As a proof-of-concept, DP determination in synthetic saliva samples was performed and a satisfactory recovery value (98.6 ± 0.9%) was obtained.