Transformation of Triglycerides to Fatty Acid Methyl Esters with Hydrophilic Sulfonated Silica (SiO2-SO3H) as Catalyst and Quaternary Ammonium Salts in Toluene or DMSO [post]

Sandro Luiz Barbosa Santos, Adeline C. Pereira Rocha, David Lee Nelson, Milton Souza Freitas, Antônio A. P. Fulgêncio Mestre, stanlei Ivair Klein, Giuliano Cesar Clososki, Franco Jazon Caires, Danilo L. Flumignan, Letícia Karen dos Santos, Alexandre Pereira Wentz, Vânya M. Duarte Pasa (+1 others)
2022 unpublished
Triglycerides of waste cooking oil reacted with methanol in refluxing toluene to yield mixtures of diglycerides, monoglycerides and fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) in the presence of 20% (w/w) catalyst/oil using the hydrophilic sulfonated silica (SiO2-SO3H) catalyst alone or with the addition of 10% (w/w) co-catalyst/oil [(Bun4N)](BF4) or Aliquat 336]. The addition of the ammonium salts to the catalyst lead to a decrease in the amounts of diglycerides in the products, but the concentrations of
more » ... monoglycerides increased. Mixtures of [(Bun4N)](BF4)/catalyst were superior to catalyst alone or Aliquat 336/catalyst for promoting the production of mixtures with high concentrations of FAMEs. The same experiments were repeated using DMSO as the solvent. The use of the more polar solvent resulted in excellent conversion of the triglycerides to FAME esters with all three-catalyst media. A simplified mechanism is presented to account for the experimental results.
doi:10.20944/preprints202201.0013.v1 fatcat:bavvjwjjhza7xpibtrbxitktbq