Optimal Control of Probabilistic Boolean Networks: An Information-Theoretic Approach

K. Sonam, S. Sutavani, S. R. Wagh, N. M. Singh
2021 IEEE Access  
The primary challenge with biological sciences is to control gene regulatory networks (GRNs), thereby creating therapeutic intervention methods that alter network dynamics in the desired manner. The optimal control of GRNs with probabilistic Boolean control networks (PBCNs) as the underlying structure is a solution to this challenge. Owing to the exponential growth in network size with the increase in the number of genes, we need an optimal control approach that scales to large systems without
more » ... mposing any limitations on network dynamics. Furthermore, we are encouraged to use the graphics processing unit (GPU) to reduce time complexity utilizing the easily available and enhanced computational resources. The optimal control of PBCNs in the Markovian framework is developed in this paper employing an information-theoretic approach which includes Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence. We convert the nonlinear optimal control problem of PBCN to a linear problem by using the exponential transformation of the cost function, also known as the desirability function. The linear formulation enables us to compute an optimal control using the path integral (PI) method. Furthermore, we offer sampling-based methodologies for approximating PI and therefore optimizing PBCN control. The sampling-based method can be implemented in parallel, which solves the optimal control problem for large PBCNs. INDEX TERMS Information-theoretic control, Markov decision processes (MDPs), optimal control, parallel processing, probabilistic Boolean control networks (PBCNs)
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3130118 fatcat:7qgiyf74ebcyzknrrlwpaum36a