Concept Analysis of Health Promotion Competence in Public Health Nurses

Jeong-Soo Kim
2011 Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing  
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of health promotion 'competence' in public health nurses (PHNs). Methods: A hybrid model was used to develop the concept of competence. The model included a field study carried out in Seoul, Korea. The participants in this study were 20 PHNs who were working in the health promotion area. Results: The concept of health promotion competence was found to be a complex phenomenon having a meaning in two dimensions:
more » ... sions: personal-relationship and environmental-relationship. Four attributes and eight indicators were defined. Conclusion: Health promotion competence was defined as the ability to have understanding and flexibility in practicing (personal-relationship dimension) and to have capacity for uniqueness and leadership in planning (environmental-relationship dimension). Therefore, PHNs who work in the health promotion area should be equipped with attributes and indicators of health promotion competence to enhance their competence in health promotion. 서 론 1. 연구의 필요성 현대사회 질병구조의 변화로 인한 국가보건정책은 질환 예방 및 건강증진과 의료서비스의 선진화를 모토로 전환되 어왔다. 보건정책의 전환구조에서 국내 ․ 외 보건간호사의 역할은 다양하게 확대되어 왔으며, 건강과 복지를 포괄하 는 전문 의료인으로서 역할의 중요성이 부각되어, 국민적 기대에 부응해야 할 시대적 요구를 가지게 되었다. 일반적으로 보건간호사의 업무는 지역사회 중심의 능동 성과 일차보건 및 건강증진에 역점을 두어 국가적 차원에 서 발전되어 왔기 때문에 전문성보다는 일반성으로 접근하 여 다양한 역할을 담당하도록 하고 있으며, 특히 보건소에 근무하는 간호사는 국가보건정책의 수행자로서 보건사업 에서 국민건강증진을 위한 최일선 영역에서 포괄적인 역할 을 담당한다(Jung et al., 2006).
doi:10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.3.281 fatcat:hj6cnjkk6nf6llrmztbf6brpwa