Synthesis and characterization of amine-functionalized supported phosphine catalysts and their application in ethylene oligomerization

Mzamo L. Shozi, Xolelwa Zulu, Holger B. Friedrich
2022 South African Journal of Chemistry  
A series of phosphorus and nitrogen-based ethylene oligomerization ligands of the type Ph2PN(X)PPh2 where X = i-propyl, n-butyl, ethylbenzene and cyclohexyl substituents are reported. These ligands were functionalized to enable tethering on amino-silica. The free ligands, amino-silica and the tethered ligands were characterized by BET, XRD, IR, TGA and NMR. The catalysts were tested for ethylene oligomerization using Cr(acac)3 (acac = acetylacetonate) as the precursor and MMAO (modified
more » ... uminoxane) as the activator. The activity and selectivity of these catalysts to 1-octene was monitored at 45 bar ethylene in the temperature range of45-100 °C. The activity of the supported catalysts was comparable to their homogeneous counterparts, surpassing them in some cases and selectivities to 1-octene in the C8 products were as high as 99 wt%. The steric effect of the substituent on the ligand as well as that of the support was found to influence the activity and product distribution. Keywords: 1-hexene, 1-octene, ethylene oligomerization, phosphine ligands, silica, supported catalysts
doi:10.17159/0379-4350/2022/v76a02 fatcat:u5q76fdmtfg7fc6jof7scrtfpy