Identification of viable myocardium in patients with chronic coronary artery disease: comparison of thallium-201 scintigraphy with reinjection and technetium-99m-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile

A Cuocolo, L Pace, B Ricciardelli, M Chiariello, B Trimarco, M Salvatore
1992 Journal of Nuclear Medicine  
We compared the results of 201Tl reinjection and those of 99mTc-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) in identifying viable myocardium in 20 male patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease (CAD) and left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction 30% +/- 8%). All patients had irreversible defects on standard exercise-redistribution thallium imaging. Thallium was reinjected immediately after the redistribution study, and images were reacquired. The patients also underwent stress
more » ... d rest 99mTc-MIBI myocardial scintigraphy (2-day protocol). A total of 300 myocardial regions were analyzed, of which 122 (41%) had irreversible thallium defects on redistribution images before reinjection. Of the 122 myocardial regions with irreversible defects on standard stress-redistribution thallium cardiac imaging, 65 (53%) did not change at reinjection and 57 (47%) demonstrated enhanced uptake of thallium after reinjection. Of the same 122 irreversible defects on stress-redistribution thallium, 100 (82%) appeared as fixed defects and 22 (18%) were reversible on 99mTc-MIBI myocardial scintigraphy. These data indicate that 201Tl cardiac imaging with rest reinjection is superior to 99mTc-MIBI myocardial scintigraphy in identifying viable myocardium in patients with chronic CAD, suggesting that regions with severe reduction of 99mTc-MIBI uptake both on stress and rest images may contain viable myocardium.
pmid:1552332 fatcat:tnfklj7ah5gwjmihnt3ov5aqou