Universal and robust distributed network codes

Tracey Ho, Sidharth Jaggi, Svitlana Vyetrenko, Lingxiao Xia
2011 2011 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM  
Random linear network codes can be designed and implemented in a distributed manner, with low computational complexity. However, these codes are classically implemented [1] over finite fields whose size depends on some global network parameters (size of the network, the number of sinks) that may not be known prior to code design. Also, if new nodes join the entire network code may have to be redesigned. In this work, we present the first universal and robust distributed linear network coding
more » ... r network coding schemes. Our schemes are universal since they are independent of all network parameters. They are robust since if nodes join or leave, the remaining nodes do not need to change their coding operations and the receivers can still decode. They are distributed since nodes need only have topological information about the part of the network upstream of them, which can be naturally streamed as part of the communication protocol. We present both probabilistic and deterministic schemes that are all asymptotically rate-optimal in the coding block-length, and have guarantees of correctness. Our probabilistic designs are computationally efficient, with order-optimal complexity. Our deterministic designs guarantee zero error decoding, albeit via codes with high computational complexity in general. Our coding schemes are based on network codes over "scalable fields". Instead of choosing coding coefficients from one field at every node as in [1], each node uses linear coding operations over an "effective field-size" that depends on the node's distance from the source node. The analysis of our schemes requires technical tools that may be of independent interest. In particular, we generalize the Schwartz-Zippel lemma [2] by proving a non-uniform version, wherein variables are chosen from sets of possibly different sizes. We also provide a novel robust distributed algorithm to assign unique IDs to network nodes.
doi:10.1109/infcom.2011.5935297 dblp:conf/infocom/HoJVX11 fatcat:ia7zxlejzrfglga5pgq7x5e3ie