Modeling of Shale Gas Adsorption and Its Influence on Phase Equilibrium
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Natural gas and oil produced from shale accounts for a significant portion in the global production. Due to the large surface area and high organic content in shale formations, adsorption plays a major role in the storage of the hydrocarbons within the rock and their phase equilibrium. This study provides a comparison of several engineering models for gas adsorption in shale based on the recent literature data for pure and binary gases. For pure components, Langmuir, the modified Toth-Langmuir,
... fied Toth-Langmuir, and the Multicomponent Potential Theory of Adsorption using Dubinin-Radushkevich potential (MPTA-DRA) were compared. The three models show similar deviations lower than 10%. For binary gases, Multicomponent Langmuir (ML), Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory (IAST) and MPTA were evaluated, where MPTA shows the lowest deviation with 17.9%. Additionally, we presented an analysis of the phase envelope shift under the influence of the capillary pressure and the adsorption film. ML and IAST were used to calculate the adsorption amount whereas MPTA was used to generate artificial adsorption data over large temperature range and for other homologous 1 hydrocarbons to estimate the ML and IAST parameters. The adsorption film thickness was considered in the calculation of the effective capillary radius and the corresponding capillary pressure. The combined effects modify the saturation pressure in the whole temperature range except at the critical point. The biggest impact was found on the bubble point branch away from the critical point where the interfacial tension of the system is more pronounced.