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Faults and failures in the system components are two main reasons for the instability and the degradation in control performance. In recent decades, fault-tolerant control (FTC) approaches have been introduced to improve the resiliency of control systems against faults and failures. In general, FTC techniques are classified into active and passive approaches. This paper reviews fault and failure causes in control systems and discusses the latest solutions that are introduced to make the controldoi:10.3390/electronics9091513 fatcat:gloluqkgsjgf7aczx67tl5d5q4