Automated Matching of Multi-Scale Building Data Based on Relaxation Labelling and Pattern Combinations

Yunfei Zhang, Jincai Huang, Min Deng, Chi Chen, Fangbin Zhou, Shuchun Xie, Xiaoliang Fang
2019 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
With the increasingly urgent demand for map conflation and timely data updating, data matching has become a crucial issue in big data and the GIS community. However, non-rigid deviation, shape homogenization, and uncertain scale differences occur in crowdsourced and official building data, causing challenges in conflating heterogeneous building datasets from different sources and scales. This paper thus proposes an automated building data matching method based on relaxation labelling and
more » ... combinations. The proposed method first detects all possible matching objects and pattern combinations to create a matching table, and calculates four geo-similarities for each candidate-matching pair to initialize a probabilistic matching matrix. After that, the contextual information of neighboring candidate-matching pairs is explored to heuristically amend the geo-similarity-based matching matrix for achieving a contextual matching consistency. Three case studies are conducted to illustrate that the proposed method obtains high matching accuracies and correctly identifies various 1:1, 1:M, and M:N matching. This indicates the pattern-level relaxation labelling matching method can efficiently overcome the problems of shape homogeneity and non-rigid deviation, and meanwhile has weak sensitivity to uncertain scale differences, providing a functional solution for conflating crowdsourced and official building data.
doi:10.3390/ijgi8010038 fatcat:trjqzodyzbajhjge2vmpdi5q24