Depth-Camera-Aided Inertial Navigation Utilizing Directional Constraints

Usman Qayyum, Jonghyuk Kim
2021 Sensors  
This paper presents a practical yet effective solution for integrating an RGB-D camera and an inertial sensor to handle the depth dropouts that frequently happen in outdoor environments, due to the short detection range and sunlight interference. In depth drop conditions, only the partial 5-degrees-of-freedom pose information (attitude and position with an unknown scale) is available from the RGB-D sensor. To enable continuous fusion with the inertial solutions, the scale ambiguous position is
more » ... ast into a directional constraint of the vehicle motion, which is, in essence, an epipolar constraint in multi-view geometry. Unlike other visual navigation approaches, this can effectively reduce the drift in the inertial solutions without delay or under small parallax motion. If a depth image is available, a window-based feature map is maintained to compute the RGB-D odometry, which is then fused with inertial outputs in an extended Kalman filter framework. Flight results from the indoor and outdoor environments, as well as public datasets, demonstrate the improved navigation performance of the proposed approach.
doi:10.3390/s21175913 pmid:34502806 fatcat:chlnewub5nhixc5p4tejak25ya