Designing DCCP

Eddie Kohler, Mark Handley, Sally Floyd
2006 Computer communication review  
Fast-growing Internet applications like streaming media and telephony prefer timeliness to reliability, making TCP a poor fit. Unfortunately, UDP, the natural alternative, lacks congestion control. High-bandwidth UDP applications must implement congestion control themselves-a difficult task-or risk rendering congested networks unusable. We set out to ease the safe deployment of these applications by designing a congestion-controlled unreliable transport protocol. The outcome, the Datagram
more » ... tion Control Protocol or DCCP, adds to a UDP-like foundation the minimum mechanisms necessary to support congestion control. We thought those mechanisms would resemble TCP's, but without reliability and, especially, cumulative acknowledgements, we had to reconsider almost every aspect of TCP's design. The resulting protocol sheds light on how congestion control interacts with unreliable transport, how modern network constraints impact protocol design, and how TCP's reliable bytestream semantics intertwine with its other mechanisms, including congestion control.
doi:10.1145/1151659.1159918 fatcat:6qe5ezl7jfe27opl4sejssnd6a