Identification of Non-Pleiotropic Loci in Flowering and Maturity Control in Soybean

Eric J. Sedivy, Abraham Akpertey, Angela Vela, Sandra Abadir, Awais Khan, Yoshie Hanzawa
2020 Agronomy  
Pleiotropy is considered to have a significant impact on multi-trait evolution, but its roles in the evolution of domestication-related traits in crop species have been unclear. In soybean, several known quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling maturity, called the maturity loci, are known to have major effects on both flowering and maturity in a highly correlated pleiotropic manner. Aiming at the identification of non-pleiotropic QTLs that independently control flowering and maturity and
more » ... d maturity and dissecting the effects of pleiotropy in these important agronomic traits, we conducted a QTL mapping experiment by creating a population from a cross between domesticated soybean G. max and its wild ancestor G. soja that underwent stringent selection for non-pleiotropy in flowering and maturity. Our QTL mapping analyses using the experimental population revealed novel loci that acted in a non-pleiotropic manner: R1-1 controlled primarily flowering and R8-1 and R8-2 controlled maturity, while R1-1 overlapped with QTL, affecting other agronomic traits. Our results suggest that pleiotropy in flowering and maturity can be genetically separated, while artificial selection during soybean domestication and diversification may have favored pleiotropic loci such as E loci that control both flowering and maturity. The non-pleiotropic loci identified in this study will help to identify valuable novel genes to optimize soybean's life history traits and to improve soybean's yield potential under diverse environments and cultivation schemes.
doi:10.3390/agronomy10081204 fatcat:75jxul7qtjeulhoeyxt6n2ipdq