Optomechanical backaction processes in a bulk rare-earth doped crystal [article]

Anne Louchet-Chauvet and Pierre Verlot and Jean-Philippe Poizat and Thierry Chanelière
<span title="2021-09-14">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We investigate a novel hybrid system composed of an ensemble of room temperature rare-earth ions embedded in a bulk crystal, intrinsically coupled to internal strain via the surrounding crystal field. We evidence the generation of a mechanical response under resonant light excitation. Thanks to an ultra-sensitive time- and space-resolved photodeflection setup, we interpret this motion as the sum of two resonant optomechanical backaction processes: a conservative, piezoscopic process induced by
more &raquo; ... he optical excitation of a well-defined electronic configuration, and a dissipative, non-radiative photothermal process related to the phonons generated throughout the atomic population relaxation. Parasitic heating processes, namely off-resonant dissipative contributions, are absent. This work demonstrates an unprecedented level of control of the conservative and dissipative relative parts of the optomechanical backaction, confirming the potential of rare-earth-based systems as promising hybrid mechanical systems.
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