Phase matching effects in high harmonic generation at the nanometer scale

M. Blanco, C. Hernández-García, A. Chacón, M. Lewenstein, M. T. Flores-Arias, L. Plaja
2017 Optics Express  
Plasmon resonances are known to amplify the electromagnetic fields near metallic nanostructures. Therefore, they are considered to provide a promising scheme to generate extreme-ultraviolet harmonics, using low power drivings. During high-order harmonic generation (HHG), the driving and harmonic fields accumulate a phase difference as they propagate through the target. In a typical set-up -a laser focused into a gas jet or cell- the propagation distances amount to several wavelengths, and the
more » ... elengths, and the cumulative phase-mismatch affects strongly the efficiency and properties of the harmonic emission. In contrast, HHG in metallic nanostructures is considered to overcome this limitations, as the common sources of phase mismatch -optical density and focusing geometry- are negligible for subwavelength propagation distances. Nevertheless, in this letter we demonstrate that phase matching still plays a relevant role in HHG from nanostructures. Our computations attribute this to the non-perturbative character of HHG, that links the phase of the harmonics to the intensity distribution of the driving field. We also show that widely used applications of phase matching control, such as quantum path selection and the increase of contrast in attosecond pulse generation, are also feasible at the nanoscale.
doi:10.1364/oe.25.014974 pmid:28788933 fatcat:yc5i2efwgjhojngg5pvbhwptsa