Early discharge after major gynaecological surgery: advantages of fast track surgery

Jonathan Carter, Shannon Philp, Vivek Arora
2011 Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology  
Fast Track Surgery (FTS) programs have been adopted by many specialties with documented improved patient outcomes and reduced length of stay (LOS). Methods: We initiated a FTS program in January 2008 and present our experience up to and including November 2010 on patients whose LOS was 2 days. Results: During the study period 242 patients had a laparotomy performed. Overall 54 (22.3%) patients were discharged on day 2. In the first year of initiating our FTS program 10% were discharged on day
more » ... 25% in year 2 and 31% in year 3. Twenty-two patients (41%) had malignant pathology and of these, 16 (73%) had local or regional spread and 6 (27%) had distant spread. Forty patients (74%) had vertical midline incisions (VMI) performed. Surgery was classified as complex in 40 cases (74%) and 6 (11%) patients underwent staging lymph node dissection. Average patient BMI was 26.1 with 44% of patients considered overweight or obese. There were no intraoperative complications recorded. When compared to 188 patients whose LOS was greater than 2 days, the early discharge cohort were more likely to have benign pathology, more likely to be younger, to have a transverse incision, to have received COX II inhibitors, to have a lower net haemoglobin (Hb) change and to tolerate early oral feeding. Conclusions: Increased clinical experience with FTS enables over 31% patients undergoing laparotomy to be safely discharged on day 2 without an increase in the readmission rate or morbidity.
doi:10.4236/ojog.2011.11001 fatcat:j7daf6gxtzgovfdhj3ziaqbemi