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The Use of Replacement Workers in Union Contract Negotiations: The U.S. Experience, 1980–1989
Journal of Labor Economics
It is argued in many circles that a structural change occurred in U.S. collective bargaining in the 1980s. Strike incidence declined, dispute incidence increased, and the composition of disputes shifted away from strikes and toward holdouts. We investigate the extent to which the hiring of replacement workers can account for these changes. For a sample of over 300 major strikes since 1980, we estimate the likelihood of replacements being hired. We find that the risk of replacement is lower fordoi:10.1086/209902 fatcat:4lg3dnuevbdkldgztdx5gv2a6q