Unusual variations in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk and their clinical significance

A. Juszczak, J. Czyżowski, A. Mazurek, J. A. Walocha, A. Pasternak
2020 Folia Morphologica  
The anatomical variations of the celiac trunk are due to developmental changes in the ventral segmental arteries. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been used to investigate vascular anatomy for scientific and diagnostic purposes. These studies allow for much larger sample sizes than traditional cadaveric studies. The aim of this research was to isolate rare anatomical variants of the celiac trunk and emphasize their clinical significance. A descriptive, retrospective study was
more » ... ve study was carried out on MDCT angiographies performed from January 2020 till March 2020 in Polish patients. Celiac trunk was studied and normal and anatomical variations were identified. Out of total 350 patients, hepatogastrosplenic trunk was predominant. However, we observed: celiaco-mesenteric and hepatogastric trunk type, hepatic artery variations and celiac axis stenosis with collateral mesenteric circulation. Rare variations of the celiac trunk should always be anticipated before radiological and surgical interventions. Knowledge of unusual celiac trunk anatomy is important in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery, transplantology, and interventional radiology.
doi:10.5603/fm.a2020.0067 pmid:32639575 fatcat:7jx3jnnt2nftncq2w5x446tgly