The role of noncoding RNAs in Parkinson's disease: biomarkers and associations with pathogenic pathways

Ming-Che Kuo, Sam Chi-Hao Liu, Ya-Fang Hsu, Ruey-Meei Wu
<span title="2021-11-18">2021</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Journal of Biomedical Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
AbstractThe discovery of various noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) and their biological implications is a growing area in cell biology. Increasing evidence has revealed canonical and noncanonical functions of long and small ncRNAs, including microRNAs, long ncRNAs (lncRNAs), circular RNAs, PIWI-interacting RNAs, and tRNA-derived fragments. These ncRNAs have the ability to regulate gene expression and modify metabolic pathways. Thus, they may have important roles as diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic
more &raquo; ... gets in various diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders, especially Parkinson's disease. Recently, through diverse sequencing technologies and a wide variety of bioinformatic analytical tools, such as reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR, microarrays, next-generation sequencing and long-read sequencing, numerous ncRNAs have been shown to be associated with neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease. In this review article, we will first introduce the biogenesis of different ncRNAs, including microRNAs, PIWI-interacting RNAs, circular RNAs, long noncoding RNAs, and tRNA-derived fragments. The pros and cons of the detection platforms of ncRNAs and the reproducibility of bioinformatic analytical tools will be discussed in the second part. Finally, the recent discovery of numerous PD-associated ncRNAs and their association with the diagnosis and pathophysiology of PD are reviewed, and microRNAs and long ncRNAs that are transported by exosomes in biofluids are particularly emphasized.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1186/s12929-021-00775-x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:34794432</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC8603508</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:nsrssgh7pfae3keg6j5e3zk3tu</a> </span>
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