Regulation of thyroglobulin glycosylation. A comparative study of the thyroglobulins from porcine thyroid glands and follicles in serum-free culture
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Porcine thyroid cells were cultured in serum-free medium and thyrotropin was or was not added at day 4 and [3H]glucosamine at day 6 for 24 h. The major glycoprotein secreted outside the follicles proved to be thyroglobulin by immunoprecipitation, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and amino acid composition. Thyroglobulin glycopeptides were analyzed by sequential affinity chromatography on immobilized lectins and compared to chemically labeled carbohydrate chains released from thyroid-derived
... om thyroid-derived thyroglobulin by hydrazinolysis. 82% and 85% of the glucosamine-labeled oligosaccharides of thyroglobulin from control and stimulated cells, respectively, were unretained on concanavalin A (ConA)-Sepharose compared to 46% only for in vivo thyroglobulin. 35-42% and 33-35% of the ConA-unbound glycopeptides were retarded on erythrophytohemagglutinin and leukophytohemagglutinin under basal or stimulatory conditions, respectively, while none of the triantennary structures of in vivo thyroglobulin was. Moreover, binding to Bandieraea-agarose showed that 20% of these complex structures contained alpha-linked galactose in thyroglobulin secreted by control cells, but only 10% in the molecules derived from thyroid. When analyzed on ricin-agarose after neuraminidase treatment, the ConA-unbound glycopeptides were retained to an extent of 65% for those from control cells and 98% for those from stimulated cells. Furthermore, 15% of desialylated ConA-unbound glycopeptides from cellular origin were also found to bind to wheat germ agglutinin. Carbohydrate composition, gel chromatography, and exoglycosidase treatment further demonstrated that thyroglobulin carbohydrate chains synthesized under serum-free cell culture were essentially composed of heterogeneous multiantennary structures instead of usual biantennary and high mannose type species. Under thyrotropin stimulation, 85% of the carbohydrate chains of thyroglobulin was shown to be sialylated by high performance liquid chromatography analysis instead of 65% under basal conditions, suggesting that thyrotropin may shift terminal glycosylation of thyroglobulin from alpha-galactose to sialic acid.