Agricultural Resources Analysis: Urban Area's Food Sufficiency in South Sulawesi Province

Raka Adi Bagaskara, Alfanni Nurul Kumalasari, Arsita Rahma Devaisnaini, Azhar Firman Ghani, Erlangga Jati Dewantara, Nisa Karimah, Tri Utami Setyawati, Ratih Fitria Putri
2022 Advances in biological sciences research   unpublished
This study aims to analyze the problem of food sufficiency in urban areas of South Sulawesi Province using secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency of South Sulawesi Province in 2015-2019. The method used is quantitative descriptive analysis to determine the food adequacy of cities in South Sulawesi Province, seen from the comparison of rice needs and rice availability. The population and land use change are the 2 main factors that affect food sufficiency in South Sulawesi Province.
more » ... largest accumulated population in South Sulawesi Province is in Makassar City which is 1.521.091 people, Parepare City is 144.446 people, and Palopo City is 181.395 people in 2019 which causes an increase in the amount of food needs and a decrease in agricultural land so that food sufficiency in the three regions urban areas are not met. The conversion factor occurs mainly in food-agricultural land which is turned into built-up land, especially residential and office land. The area of agricultural land has increased by 8 hectares from 2015-2019. Agriculture is dominated by non-food crops farming. Food agriculture area only reaches 20 percent of the total agricultural land area, thus affecting the availability of rice in urban areas. The supply of rice needs in urban areas to meet food sufficiency is supported and obtained from food agricultural products in rural areas in South Sulawesi Province with a high dominance of food agricultural land.
doi:10.2991/absr.k.220305.009 fatcat:2bw5osr4sjhedgnblimgafdfle