РОЗВИТОК ІДЕЙ С. ДОРОШЕНКА ДЛЯ СТАНОВЛЕННЯ ГРАМАТИКИ ОЦІНКИ. ІНФІНІТИВ В АСПЕКТІ ЛІНГВОАКСІОЛОГІЇ
Infinitive in the Aspect of linguistic Axiology. The analysis of the functional features of grammatical units allows linguists to focus on their pragmatic significance in the communicative process. Grammatical units as the means of appreciation expressing require multipurpose research, which demands the continuation of the problem development and determines the actuality of the study. The aim of this research is to analyze the peculiarities of infinitive verbal forms functioning with using the
... ing with using the ideas of the grammatical stylistics of the Ukrainian language by S. Doroshenko (on the material of the manual «Grammatical stylistics of the Ukrainian language» (Doroshenko, 1985)); to describe the mechanisms of grammatical ludism for the appreciation expressing with infinitive forms. The article describes the process of grammatical ludism modeling (a unit that is formed by purposeful violations of grammatical norms, restrictions for achieving communicative-pragmatic goals) with the infinitive forms (the model «Сидіти!»). Infinitive verbal forms which are used in the imperative meaning instead of personal forms, metaphorically, function as the means of negative expression. The definition of an action not according to the norms, but to the categorical demand of the subject indicates his/her dismissive, ignorant, negative attitude towards the addressee. The usage of such language means determines the connection between the semantics of politeness and the semantics of estimation which allows to model the corresponding pragmatic meaning in a peculiar way. As such forms in the official language are typical in the documents and do not express the negative meaning, their usage can cause communicative deviations between the speaker and addressee through unequal perception of simulated pragmatic meanings. In particular the addressee may understand the motivation as negative through the appropriate experience of using the infinitive forms in the situation when the speaker does not want to express the specific estimation.