Effect of food matrix type on growth characteristics and hemolysin production of Vibrio alginolyticus
Background: The growth and hemolysin production of V. alginolyticus at 30 °C in briny Tilapia , shrimp, scallop, oyster, pork, chicken, freshwater fish and egg fried rice were investigated. Bacterial counts were enumerated by plate counting. Hemolysin production was evaluated by blood agar and hemolytic titer tests. Results: Based on the goodness of fit primary model statistics (R 2 , MSE, BF, AF), the modified Gompertz model was a better fit to V. alginolyticus growth in foods than the
... ds than the logistic model. Growth kinetic parameters of V. alginolyticus displayed a higher μ max and shorter λ in briny Tilapia > shrimp > freshwater fish > egg fried rice > scallop > oyster > chicken > pork. It was notable that the V. alginolyticus counts were similar at the stationary phase, with no significant growth behavior difference between raw and cooked foods. However, higher thermostable direct hemolysin activity and hemolytic titer were observed in briny Tilapia > egg fried rice > shrimp > freshwater fish > chicken > scallop > oyster > pork. Conclusion: V. alginolyticus growth was good in all food matrix types tested. Contrary to current belief, V. alginolyticus displayed a higher hemolytic activity in some non-seafoods (freshwater fish, egg fried rice and chicken) than in scallop or oyster. This is the first report of growth and toxicity of V. alginolyticus in non-seafood. This finding will significantly improve the accuracy of microbial risk assessment of V. alginolyticus in different food matrices especially during warmer climatic periods when it is most prevalent.