An Adaptive Parallel Algorithm for Computing Connected Components [article]

Chirag Jain, Patrick Flick, Tony Pan, Oded Green, Srinivas Aluru
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We present an efficient distributed memory parallel algorithm for computing connected components in undirected graphs based on Shiloach-Vishkin's PRAM approach. We discuss multiple optimization techniques that reduce communication volume as well as load-balance the algorithm. We also note that the efficiency of the parallel graph connectivity algorithm depends on the underlying graph topology. Particularly for short diameter graph components, we observe that parallel Breadth First Search (BFS)
more » ... ethod offers better performance. However, running parallel BFS is not efficient for computing large diameter components or large number of small components. To address this challenge, we employ a heuristic that allows the algorithm to quickly predict the type of the network by computing the degree distribution and follow the optimal hybrid route. Using large graphs with diverse topologies from domains including metagenomics, web crawl, social graph and road networks, we show that our hybrid implementation is efficient and scalable for each of the graph types. Our approach achieves a runtime of 215 seconds using 32K cores of Cray XC30 for a metagenomic graph with over 50 billion edges. When compared against the previous state-of-the-art method, we see performance improvements up to 24x.
arXiv:1607.06156v3 fatcat:nclknvs2vbgejggkeqmzjpqd4i