Approximate formulas for the far field and gain of open-ended rectangular waveguide

A. Yaghjian
1984 IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  
Abstruct-Approximate formulas are derived for the far field and gain of standard, open-ended, rectangular waveguide probes operating within their recommended usable bandwidth. (Such probes are commonly used in making near-field antenna measurements.) The derivation assumes firstorder azimuthal dependence for the fields, and an E-plan pattern given by the traditional Stratton-Chu integration of the transverse electric QElo) mode. The H-plane pattern is estimated by two different methods. The
more » ... t method uses a purely E-field integration across the end of the waveguide. The second, more accurate method approximates the fringe currents at the shorter edges of the guide by isotropically radiating tine sources. The amplitude of the line sources is determined by equating the total power radiated into free space to the net input power to the waveguide. Comparisons with measnrements indicate that for X-band and larger wavegnide probes, both methods predict on-axis gain to about 0.2 dB accuracy. The second method predicts far-field power patterns to about 2 dB accuracy in the region 90" off boresight and with rapidly increasing accuracy toward boresight.
doi:10.1109/tap.1984.1143332 fatcat:mun7dwfzkzhqbp6h4xftstxawq